Criteria met: High volume (globally threatened), overall increase
Principal trade term to the EU: live
Percentage of global trade to the EU: 32%
Principal source: wild
Top EU importer: France, United Kingdom
Top Trading Partner: Indonesia, Australia
CITES Appendix: II
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
In 2010, EU imports principally comprised live, wild-sourced coral (11,978 corals), with a smaller quantity live corals reported as source ‘F’ also imported (655 corals); small quantities of raw corals from both sources were also reported. All trade was for commercial purposes. Although imports of E. ancora met the ‘overall increase’ criterion, 2010 is the second consecutive year in which imports of live, wild-sourced coral decreased, with a decline of 7% between 2009 and 2010.
The live, wild-sourced imports primarily originated in Indonesia (71%), with 29% originating in Australia; all the source ‘F’ corals trade originated in Indonesia. The SRG confirmed a positive opinion for Indonesia on 30/06/2009 and formed a positive opinion for Australia on 20/06/2011.