Criteria met: High volume
Principal trade term to the EU: live
Percentage of global trade to the EU: 96%
Principal source: wild
Top EU importer: Netherlands
Top Trading Partner: Turkey, Georgia
CITES Appendix: II
IUCN Status: -
All EU imports in 2010 were live, wild-sourced plants imported for commercial purposes. The majority (57%) originated in Georgia (7,929,483 plants), of which 41% were re-exported via Turkey. The remainder (6,071,402 plants) were imported directly from Turkey. Although imports remained relatively constant between 2009 and 2010 overall, imports originating in Georgia decreased by 36% while imports originating in Turkey increased three-fold compared to 2009.
Direct imports of G. woronowii reported by the Netherlands exceeded the CITES export quota published by Turkey for 2010 (3,000,000 wild-sourced bulbs) by more than double, while exports reported by Turkey were within quota (2,269,200 live, wild-sourced plants). However, four shipments totalling 3,831,952 plants reported by the Netherlands as direct imports from Turkey were reported by Turkey as re-exports originating in Georgia.
The SRG formed a positive opinion for this species from both Georgia and Turkey on 23/06/1999, and reconfirmed the positive opinion for Georgia on 30/06/2009 (subject to quota) and for Turkey on 16/02/2010.