Criteria met: High volume (globally threatened)
Principal trade term to the EU: live
Percentage of global trade to the EU: 24%
Principal source: wild
Top EU importer: Italy
Top Trading Partner: Brazil
CITES Appendix: II
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
EU imports in 2010 were all live specimens traded for commercial purposes, comprising 50 wild-sourced specimens imported directly from Brazil by Italy, and 34 captive-born (source ‘F’) specimens imported directly from the United States by the United Kingdom.
H. erectus was listed on CITES Appendix II in 2004; EU imports of live specimens peaked in 2008 and declined by 90% between 2009 and 2010.
The SRG formed a negative opinion for Brazil on 16/02/2010, which was confirmed on 02/12/2010.