Criteria met: High volume (globally threatened)
Principal trade term to the EU: live
Percentage of global trade to the EU: 34%
Principal source: captive-bred
Top EU importer: United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Germany
Top Trading Partner: Micronesia, Vanuatu
CITES Appendix: II
IUCN Status: Near Threatened
EU imports in 2010 principally comprised live specimens traded for commercial purposes (24,191 live specimens), of which 82% were captive-born (source ‘F’) and smaller quantities were wild-sourced, captive-bred and ranched. Between 2009 and 2010, total imports of live specimens increased by 7%, with the proportion of wild-sourced specimens increasing from The source ‘F’ trade primarily originated in Micronesia (45%) and Vanuatu (33%), while the vast majority of the wild-sourced trade originated in an unknown country of origin and all the ranched trade originated in Kiribati (a non-Party).
The SRG formed a negative opinion for wild specimens originating in Micronesia and Vanuatu, among other countries, on 22/05/2003. Import suspensions have been in place for wild-sourced specimens originating in these countries since 10/05/2006. The positive opinion for wild-sourced specimens from Kiribati, formed on 22/07/1997, was removed on 23/02/2012.