Euphorbia antisyphilitica (Candelilla)

Criteria met:  High volume, sharp increase

Principal trade term to the EU:  wax

Percentage of global trade to the EU:  55%

Principal source:  wild

Top EU importer:  Netherlands

Top Trading Partner:  United States, Mexico

CITES Appendix:  II

IUCN Status:   -

EU-reported imports of wild-sourced Euphorbia antisyphilitica wax (reported in kg), all purposes, 2001-2010.

In 2010, EU imports principally comprised wild-sourced wax (825,043 kg and 2,500 wax reported without a unit), all of which originated in Mexico and was imported for commercial purposes. Imports of wild-sourced wax reported by weight nearly tripled between 2009 and 2010.

Following the adoption of CoP15 Proposal 25, annotation #4 for E. antisyphilitica was amended on 23/06/2010 to include an exemption for “finished products of Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail trade”. This will have implications for the monitoring of trade in E. antisyphilitica in the future.

The SRG formed a positive opinion for wild specimens from Mexico on 14/09/2007, which was confirmed on 26/05/2008.