Swietenia macrophylla (Big-leaf Mahogany)

Criteria met:  High volume (globally threatened)

Principal trade term to the EU:  timber

Percentage of global trade to the EU:  1%

Principal source:  wild

Top EU importer:  Germany

Top Trading Partner:  Bolivia, Brazil, United States

CITES Appendix:  II

IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

EU-reported imports of wild-sourced Swietenia macrophylla timber (reported in m3), all purposes, 2001-2010.

In 2010, EU imports primarily consisted of wild-sourced timber traded for commercial purposes (273 m3); one pre-Convention carving was also imported. Although EU imports of wild-sourced timber increased by 18% between 2009 and 2010, there was a notable decrease over the period 2001-2010 overall.

The wild-sourced trade primarily originated in Guatemala (38%, the majority of which was re-exported by the United States), Bolivia (30%) and Brazil (23%). The SRG formed a negative opinion for specimens from Brazil on 13/06/2005, which was removed on 18/12/2006; a positive opinion was formed for specimens from Guatemala on 12/03/2009 which was confirmed on 30/06/2009. A negative opinion for specimens from Bolivia was formed on 03/08/2010.