Criteria met: High volume (globally threatened)
Principal trade term to the EU: live
Percentage of global trade to the EU: 9%
Principal source: ranched
Top EU importer: Italy
Top Trading Partner: Togo
CITES Appendix: II
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
EU imports in 2010 comprised 248 live, ranched animals exported directly from Togo for commercial purposes. Live, ranched imports increased by 56% between 2009 and 2010.
An import suspension has been in place for wild specimens from Togo since 21/05/2009, while a negative opinion for Ghana (the only country which traded wild specimens to the EU 2006-2008) was formed on 15/09/2008 and reconfirmed on 02/12/2011. A negative opinion for ranched specimens from Togo has been in place since 20/12/2005, but was amended on 15/09/2008 (and reconfirmed on 02/12/2011) to only apply to ranched specimens with a snout-vent length greater than 8 cm; a positive opinion was formed on 12/06/2006 (and confirmed 15/09/2008) for ranched specimens with a snout-vent length of up to 8 cm.